Those who are dying of COVID-19 don’t need a crowd of mourners at their bedsides

I posted on Facebook recently about how my own near-death experience changed my views on the process of dying. Some of you asked that I expand and elaborate on this topic. So here we go …

In October 2013, my husband and I set out on what was supposed to be a day hike – one like the many we had enjoyed in the past. We ended up sojourning into hell.

If you want to read the entire story, click here. But please bear in mind that my views on what happened to us have dramatically changed since I wrote this series for The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette.

.In short, I ended up spending five days and four nights in the Chihuahuan Desert, right on the Texas-Mexico border.

Rick and I began our hike on October 2, 2013. That night, instead of grilling brats and drinking beer, we found ourselves unexpectedly stranded on a cliff that overlooked a spectacularly beautiful canyon.

By the end of Day 2, we had, thankfully, found a spring under a stand of cottonwoods.

On Day 3, I told my husband to leave me because I could no longer walk.

Please know that up until this point, I had been terrified of being left alone in the desert. My fears are what kept me going, plodding along behind my husband even as my physical condition deteriorated.

Even so, after realizing that I couldn’t go on any further, I finally crouched underneath a small mesquite shrub and told Rick to leave me.

Rick made it out that night and summoned help. But it would be another two days before search-and-rescue teams found me. At the hospital, I learned that by the time I was located, I was only a few hours from death. All of my organs had started shutting down.

Here’s the thing – I went from being scared of being alone in the wild to convincing my husband to leave me there.

Why? Because I was pretty sure that I was going to die and I did not want or need him there to witness my death.

I told him to tell our children, then 8 and 10, that I had done my damndest to get back to them. I hoped that by telling him to go, to leave me, that I would be ensuring that our kids had at least one parent raising them. I did, however, also hope that he would be able to get out and send help for me.

Rick made his way to the Big Bend Ranch State Park headquarters around 7:30 p.m. October 4, 2013.

I would be found around noon, two days and two nights later – on October 6, 2013.

What I’m about to do right now is describe my feelings about dying alone.

When I sat down under that shrub, I felt relief. I wanted Rick to go. I knew he stood a good chance of getting out. I knew that something was very wrong with my body and its condition. I could no longer walk. I couldn’t even remain standing.

I understood that I would probably die. Alone. And I spent a long Friday evening (October 4, 2013) reckoning with that after I convinced Rick to go.

I wanted to be alone to die. Even as I held out hope for Rick, I also wanted to do what needed to be done on my own. I didn’t want or need anyone to witness my suffering. I will remain forever convinced that dying is actually a very private endeavor.

Animals seek solitude when they are sick or near death. Native Americans are known to head out into the wild when they sense that their time is near.

After what happened to me in that desert, I am even more convinced that dying was never meant to be a group activity.

I lay under that shrub for two days and two nights. During that time, I was comforted by a variety of vivid hallucinations and storylines. Throughout the ordeal, I also understood at some deeper level that I was free to … leave. At any time. I wasn’t listening to family members begging me to “fight” or to “hold on.” And honestly, I wouldn’t have wanted to deal with such pleadings. I needed to be free to live or to die on my terms.

I hoped that my body would be found, yes. I wanted my family to have answers and to have remains to memorialize. But I wasn’t afraid. I didn’t feel alone. And I didn’t fret over the fact that my family members weren’t hovering over me, singing hymns, holding hands and murmuring apologies or sharing memories.

The thought of a crowd around my deathbed … well, I didn’t want that then and I don’t want it in the future.

I am sharing this in an attempt to offer comfort during this pandemic. I keep hearing people worry about their loved ones dying alone.

Your loved ones are fine. YOU are the ones who are having difficulty with the separations.

The whole deathbed gathering really only benefits those who are there to mourn the person who is about to depart this Earth. It’s a chance for family members to express regrets, offer apologies or to emphasize the love they feel for the loved one who is dying.

But your loved one? He or she is already in another place and time.

I am writing this to reassure you that your presence isn’t required when your beloved family member dies alone in a medical facility or at home.

Instead, focus your energies on those still in need of human contact. Call your grandparents or parents to chat. Send photos to that old family friend who has no living relatives. Be a companion to the living. Because the dying already have moved beyond us all.







A COVID-19 prison outbreak should be a concern for ALL Arkansans

Dear Governor and Secretary Smith:

I covered the Arkansas Department of Correction during many of my 15 years as a reporter for the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. 

I later served as the public information officer and legislative liaison for ADC.

Both of those roles allowed me regular access to every state prison in Arkansas.

Which is why I am alarmed by your attempts to minimize the potential impact of inmate and staff COVID-19 infections on the state of Arkansas as a whole. 

Even if you’re comfortable with writing off the inmates – most of whom, it should be noted, were sentenced to prison terms, not death – what about the thousands of employees who work for ADC?

Yeah, you can keep describing the prison system as a “congregant setting,” but the fact is that it also is a fluid one.

Inmates get transferred all the time – from one prison unit to another, to new barracks within the same unit, to places where they have requested specific work assignments. I know this because during my time at ADC, my office handled constituent services. Many of the calls we received were from family members asking to which facility their loved ones had been most recently transferred.

And then there’s the staff. Wardens and correctional officers get promoted and transferred all the time. For example, some officers opt to go to the maximum-security units in order to collect the  hazardous-duty pay. Others may put in for a transfer to a unit closer to home.

All it will take to send the statewide numbers soaring is one asymptomatic staff member who decides to make a quick stop at the grocery store on the way home.

Now let’s factor in the thousands of support staff – administrative assistants, record-keepers, researchers, the finance folks, the department heads and their many employees … and on and on and on.

Most of these staff members work in the prison units, not Central Office, which is located in Pine Bluff.

(Speaking of Central Office, guess who does all of the janitorial work, the yardwork and heavy manual lifting there? Inmates. They arrive each morning and depart in the evening.)

Anyway – so now let’s think about the thousands of ADC employees who go home to their communities after each workday. They shop at local stores, order from restaurants, go to the grocery and do all of the things that every other Arkansan does. That means they are in frequent contact with other members of their communities. Again, all it takes is one asymptomatic employee to bring a potentially deadly virus to his or her hometown.

I’m pretty sure you realize that this virus is going to spread to other prison units. And we know that this virus feeds on community spread.

Here’s the thing: Each prison is a community. And each prison will see staff and newly paroled inmates heading back to their free-world communities and hometowns.

That’s why you should care about what is happening at the Cummins Unit.

Oh, but wait – the potential for dire outcomes gets even worse.

ADC contracts with outside medical providers. Those nurses and doctors also are coming and going. They are testing and treating sick inmates each and every day – before heading home to their own communities.

And what about the EMTs who

are frequently called to prison units? Will it “count” if paramedics get COVID-19? Or are they exempt from the statewide tally because they may temporarily become a part of ADC’s “congregant setting” during emergencies?

And what about the medical staff at hospitals across the state? They also risk infection by treating inmates and ADC staff who require hospitalization during their battles with COVID-19. Do they count?

Guess who else gets called out to state prisons? Sheriff’s deputies and Arkansas State Police. These are the men and women who are transporting inmates from jails to prison units and vice versa. They also provide transport to and from court appearances.

Lastly, as I’m sure you are aware, ADC has its own school district, the Arkansas Correctional School. State prisons house classrooms and computer labs. Guess who is in and out of those classrooms and labs? Teachers. Administrators. Volunteers.

Do they count?

This virus knows no boundaries. It spreads from community to community – regardless of whether a community’s residents live in homes or prison units.

To say that ADC’s virus tallies should be considered “separately” from the statewide counts is a travesty.

You are telling thousands upon thousands of Arkansas families that their loved ones “don’t count” because they are incarcerated.

You are telling ADC staff that they “don’t count” because they may have caught the virus in a prison unit.

You are telling contracted medical providers, teachers, EMTs, sheriff’s deputies, ASP and hospitals scattered across the state that they shouldn’t worry because a virus outbreak in the prison system can be contained (ha!) and mitigated.

That is a slap in the face to all Arkansans. What’s happening in Cummins isn’t just a blip to be ignored. Rather, it is yet further proof that you are more concerned about messaging and spin than the health and safety of ALL Arkansans.

Shame on you.

COVID-19 in Pulaski County: Man-on-the Street Dispatches, Part 1


No one answered the door when I arrived at a Little Rock home Friday, March 13, 2020, to deliver prescription medications from a local pharmacy.

I called the intended recipient to ask if he wanted me to leave his order at the door.

“I’m over on Baseline!” he shouted jubilantly into his phone. “I found toilet paper over here!”

“It’s just pandemonium everywhere,” he continued. “I should have worn Kevlar. Lord have mercy!”

We chatted a few more minutes about his prized find before he agreed that I should leave his meds on the porch.

And then I got into my company vehicle – which now boasts a cylinder of Lysol wipes and a container of hand sanitizer (70 percent alcohol) in the cupholders (which normally are home to my Kum & Go cup of coffee and a can of sparkling water) – and headed off to make my next delivery.

I knew that Friday would be … interesting. Just the day before, I was at the Kroger on McCain in North Little Rock to buy dog food, cat food and kitty litter when my 17-year old daughter texted:

School is canceled for the next two weeks. And tomorrow. 

(She and her younger brother attend North Little Rock High School.)

Within 10 minutes, the throng of mid-day Kroger regulars exploded into a mass of panicked shoppers scurrying down the aisles.

Aside from my job as a pharmacy delivery driver, I also work as a certified caregiver. Because of my frequent and up-close-and-personal contact with seniors, I already had been stocking up my pantry, fridge and freezer for several weeks. I figured that doing so would allow me to stay away from public places, thereby somewhat lessening my chances of inadvertently infecting our most vulnerable population.

Still, I found myself swept along in the wave of panic, flinging much more than pet supplies into my cart. It took 40 minutes to check out. When I drove by later, around 4:30 p.m., the parking lot was packed.

Just that morning, one of my clients for whom I work as a caregiver informed the agency that as much as she loves me, she prefers to isolate herself at home for the time being. I didn’t blame her one bit. I already had feared the prospect of becoming the “COVID-19 Cathy of Pulaski County” and therefore told her that if she did discontinue my services, I wouldn’t suffer any hurt feelings.

And then a second client canceled an evening shift. OK, well her daughter did. That’s because a public-school event that the daughter was expected to attend had been canceled.

“I get it,” I said yet again. “No problem.”

Which is why I felt so very very validated Friday as I journeyed throughout Pulaski County.

I filled out virus-screening questionnaires, got my forehead scanned (97.7 degrees), and met nurses at the front entrances of locked-down nursing homes and assisted-living facilities.

Between deliveries, I wiped down the car’s interior, my pens, clipboard and phone with Lysol, doused my hands with sanitizer and stopped frequently at various gas stations to scrub my hands with soap.

This is what I observed today:

  • Nursing homes and other facilities that house or care for elders are restricting visits to immediate family members. They are screening staff, visitors and delivery drivers. At one longterm facility, a table loaded with coronavirus info had been placed in the entryway. (“We’re on lockdown,” one nurse informed me when I arrived with meds. “Totally get it,” I replied.)
  • Doctor’s offices, specialty clinics, etc… had very few people in their waiting rooms.
  • While grocery store parking lots remained at capacity, fast-food restaurants didn’t have the usual lines at their drive-throughs.
  • Pharmacies would prefer that you use the drive-through if you even remotely suspect that you might be ill.
  • Especially vulnerable nursing-home residents have been banned from dining halls and other public spaces at their facilities.
  • I am unable to hold my breath during a multi-floor elevator ride, despite my desire to protect those with whom I must interact.

And even as I delivered meds to seniors who are hunkered down at home or in longterm care facilities, I listened to the Trump & Pence show on NPR and most definitely did not feel like this situation is in competent hands where the federal government is concerned.

Rather, we will be saved by our communities, state officials, city and county officials, scientists, doctors, nurses and other healthcare professionals who truly understand what we are up against.



Capitalism, GOP “messaging” and America’s flawed healthcare system are no match for COVID-19


In recent days, I’ve listened to umpteen news reports on the possible effects that COVID-19 will have on the markets and the economy. Media also have focused on the effects the virus will have on travel, conferences, and political rallies.

Arkansans: Let’s get real. Let’s talk about logistics and practicalities. Let’s talk about the people who stand to be affected.

I have a couple of part-time jobs that require me to interact daily with our most vulnerable populations – the elderly and those who suffer from serious medical conditions and/or compromised or deficient immune systems.

I take care of your elderly parents. I assist your grandparents. I do all of this up close and personal. I help them bathe. I help transfer them from wheelchairs to beds and from beds to wheelchairs. i help them use the restroom. I fix their meals and remind them to take their medications. And I consider all of this to be an honor.

They have taught – and continue to teach – me so much. Their stories and nuggets of wisdom are invaluable. I treasure the time I spend with them. Oftentimes, I feel as though they are helping me more than I am helping them.

I’m a certified caregiver. I also deliver medications to nursing homes, assisted-living facilities and homebound seniors.

From what we’re hearing from the WHO and the CDC, a global pandemic is inevitable. And I’m going to be straight-up and brutally honest: America is not prepared to deal with it. Arkansas is not prepared to deal with it. Our healthcare system is more of a detriment than a benefit. The same is true where insurance companies are concerned.

GOP messaging: Oh, no worries! This virus only kills old and/or sick people. If you’re young and relatively healthy, you’ll be FINE!

OK, yeah, well, I, at age 50, might be “fine,” but what about my clients? What about the seniors residing in nursing homes?

Also? Since when is it OK to spin a potentially deadly virus as an inconvenience that might cause a little economic upheaval? Really? Seriously? When did we lose our compassion?

Shame on you. Shame on us. Shame on America and its politicians who refuse to see people as, well… people. 

I don’t give a damn as to how many fetuses you Republicans “save.” You are not “pro-life.” You cage immigrant children, refuse to give them vaccinations, and now you’re set on killing off our senior citizens.

So here is my message to those who have parents/grandparents in either a nursing-home or residential setting:

Call the nursing homes or home-care agencies and ask what plans they will implement once the virus arrives in Arkansas.

If your elder resides in a nursing home or assisted-living facility, ask about how potential quarantines will affect you and your loved one.

If your elder relies on caregivers who come to the home, make sure that your loved one’s home is fully stocked with non-perishable foods, cleaning supplies, gloves, medications, etc…

Also, call the agencies that employ your caregivers and ask what sort of plans and policies they have in place. Ask what will happen in the event of quarantines.

Call the Arkansas Department of Health and the Arkansas Department of Human Services and ask them what sort of plans and policies are in place.

(Answer: None.) But go ahead and call and pressure them to come up with … something.

Urge your state and federal elected officials to consider the fact that minimum-wage workers don’t get paid sick leave. Also, it costs thousands – even with insurance – to pay for a COVID-19 test. Translation: Caregivers, hotel workers, restaurant and fast-food workers, delivery people, etc… etc… are not going to want to call in sick. Why?

1. Who can afford a $3,000 test for a virus that doesn’t have any sort of treatment protocol? I mean, what’s the point?
2. Who can afford to request days off due to illness when your employer will require you to go to a doctor – a doctor who will charge you not only for the visit and a doctor’s note but also for your $3,000 COVID-19 test? I mean, if healthcare made any sort of sense, insurance companies would consider these tests to be a form of preventative medicine.
3. Who can afford a hospital stay if one is diagnosed with COVIDd-19? This is another reason that your average minimum-wage, hourly employee is not going to seek medical treatment.

This, my friends, is why our healthcare system is a failure. This is why we need to reconsider the profits made at our expense. This is why we need to pressure elected officials to be transparent. Right now, we keep hearing how all counties will be provided with testing equipment. Yeah, well, great, but I’m not going to go get tested knowing that I’ll be charged thousands of dollars for it. I’ll just self-quarantine myself and beg my employers to show mercy when it comes to doctors’ notes. Because really – if there’s no treatment or cure, why bother?

Don’t believe me? Do you really think that the state of Arkansas has a handle on this? Call the governor. Call the Department of Health. Call the Department of Human Services. Call nursing homes, home-health agencies and those who hire caregivers.

And then let me know just how safe and secure and “prepared” you feel.








Inside the shadowy world of the Arkansas school-“choice” movement – Part 8

Tonight, I am sharing a Who’s Who in the Arkansas education “reform” movement. 

First – a reminder: The end game is not charterization. It is privatization. Charter schools are merely a bridge. Look at them as place-holders.

The Arkansas Public School Resource Center, where I worked for three years as the communications director, purports to support both open-enrollment charter schools and rural traditional school districts. In actuality, APSRC is one of many Arkansas-based and Walton-funded lobbying entities.  Some of these organizations specialize in charters. Others exist to promote private schools and vouchers. One seeks to convince teachers that they don’t need to belong to unions. A couple others promote the alleged glories of school “choice.” 

Here’s a list of such organizations: 

Remember, Arkansas is not the only state being targeted by American billionaires who seek to do away with public education and those pesky teachers’ unions. The Waltons are among those leading the charge. Curious, isn’t it, that the Waltons and other billionaires who are supposedly concerned about education haven’t donated a dime to public schools. Instead, they’re focused on supporting charters and private schools. 

So let’s meet the Arkansas players –

Starting with the Arkansas Public School Resource Center, we’re going to look at its three boards: the Policy Board, the Charter School Advisory Board and the Rural Districts Advisory Board. The boards meet quarterly. 

Before each meeting, APSRC Executive Director Scott Smith requires that his loyal assistant (and resident spy) – office manager Lisa Walters – draft agendas for the three meetings. 

Once those agendas are in play, APSRC team leaders are required to attend at least two executive meetings to go over what will be said – or not said – during each meeting. 

Per the APSRC website, upon which I imported and/or drafted content, the Policy Board “is responsible for general oversight and policy development for APSRC. The members of the Policy Board represent a wealth of experience and wisdom in the areas of public education, business, and governmental policy-making.”

A “wealth of experience and wisdom” in matters pertaining to public education? Um. No.

The officers may have changed since I left APSRC, but according to the organization’s website, the players to whom APSRC staff reported remain the same: 

APSRC Policy Board

Chairman Mike Wilson, attorney and former Democratic state legislator (Yes, many a Democrat has succumbed to the lure of education “reform” – more on that in another post.) Wilson also currently serves as a member of the Arkansas Charter Authorizing Panel. Conflict of interest maybe?

Vice-chair Ernest Cunningham, yet another former Democratic state lawmaker who at one point served as the Speaker of the House. Cunningham now works for The Perimeter Group, a lobbyist organization.

Secretary/Treasurer Diane Tatum, an Entergy retiree

Board member Dr. Trey Berry, President, Southern Arkansas University (SAU serves as APSRC’s grant-holder of Walton funding and also as APSRC’s HR department.)

Board member Dr. Fitz Hill, Arkansas State Board of Education member, appointed by Governor Asa Hutchinson in July 2016; Director, Arkansas Baptist College Foundation; Director, Scott Ford Entrepreneurship and Community Development Center

Board member Senator Jim Hendren, Arkansas Senator Pro Tempore who serves on the Senate Education Committee

Board member Randy Lawson, Chairman and CEO of Lawco Energy Group

Board member Arkansas Speaker of the House Matthew Shepherd 

Board member Sherman Tate,  President and CEO of Tate & Associates, a sports consulting firm

Board member Jim Walton, Walmart heir, Chairman and CEO of Arvest Bank (Intent on carrying out his deceased brother John’s desire to charterize and privatize America’s school systems.)

Randy Zook, President, Arkansas State Chamber of Commerce (Married to pro-charter and embarrassingly uninformed Arkansas State Board Chairman Diane Zook.)

Board member Rob McGill, Ex-officio, Charter Advisory Board; Executive Director, Academics Plus Charter School

Board member Daryl Blaxton, Ex-officio, Rural Advisory Board; Superintendent, Pocahontas School District

Charter School Advisory Board

  • John Bacon, eStem Charter School
  • Linda Dawson, SIATech, Inc.
  • Steven Gast, Responsive Education Arkansas
  • Fatih Bogrek, LISA Academy
  • Mary Ley, Arkansas Arts Academy
  • Rob McGill (Chair), Academics Plus
  • Scott Shirey, KIPP Delta Preparatory School
  • Phillis Anderson, ScholarMade
  • Khori Whittaker, Lighthouse Academies
  • Joe Harris, Friendship Aspire 

Rural Districts Advisory Board

  • Billy Adams, Lakeside School District
  • Dr. Debbie Atwell, Mountainburg School District
  • Cody Beene, Nemo Vista School District
  • Sally Bennett, Rivercrest School District
  • Daryl Blaxton (Chair), Pocahontas School District
  • Dan Breshears, Centerpoint School District
  • Angie Bryant, Genoa Central School District
  • Joe Couch, Bergman School Districts
  • Kelvin Gragg, Dumas School District
  • Douglas Graham, Nashville School District
  • Bobby Hart, Hope School District
  • Rick Neal, Pea Ridge School District
  • Richard Page, Gravette School District
  • Roger Rich, Southside School District (Batesville)
  • David Rolland, Pangburn School District
  • Danny Sample, Harrisburg School District
  • Skipper Ward, Magnolia School District
  • Gary Williams, Crossett School District

Because of their involvement as APSRC board members, I can assure you that the members of the Rural Districts Advisory Board – which is composed of traditional public school superintendents – knows exactly what APSRC is up to. I can also tell you that these members have no problem with APSRC’s lobbying or other questionable activities. They actually think that their districts are “safe” from the Waltons. 

Not true. The Waltons aren’t looking to infiltrate districts with the goal of opening new charter schools. The Waltons – and U.S. Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, with the full support of Trump and the Republican party – want to do away with public education altogether. 

Arkansas superintendents who can’t seem to see the bigger picture are easily lured into APSRC’s net. 

Arkansas superintendents, I’m telling you right now that your APSRC membership will not protect you. It will not halt the Walton agenda. Your little school districts mean nothing to APSRC or the Waltons. Nothing. 

You serve only as their cover. That makes you appear not only pathetically naive but also recklessly unconcerned about the future of public education in Arkansas. Shame. On. You. Take a stand. Drop your membership. Look out for your schools and communities. 

APSRC sees you as silly little members who are willing to pay $2,500 a year (minimum) for the belief that you are now protected from the charter invasion. 

I see you as little lambs headed to market. My family raised sheep during my childhood. They were sweet animals, but sadly and appallingly stupid. 

Don’t be a sheep. Get in touch with Philip Young, director of the Arch Ford co-op. He’ll talk some common sense into you. Most of you don’t even like Smith. (I know this because you told me so.) So cut him off. As it is, his credibility with the Waltons is fading. 

OK, so let’s move on to some other controversial topics: 

  • Teacher salaries
  • Facilities funding
  • The Joint Education Committee’s unwillingness to increase Special Education Catastrophic Funding
  • The insistence on adhering to what makes a school “adequate” as opposed to “excellent”

Think of your teachers and the salary schedule. In his bid for re-election, Governor Asa Hutchinson sought to woo educators by promising teensy increases in teacher salaries. I heard the behind-the-scenes discussions, which is why I remain incredulous that so many educators fell for this scam. 

Now that we’re dwelling on the paltry salaries of Arkansas teachers, let’s take a look at what staff members at the Walton-funded Arkansas Public School Resource Center are earning (Full disclosure – I’m “Catherine McFarland.)

  • Brunell, Nathalie Finance Specialist 85,500
  • Burnett, Hazel Finance Specialist 95,790
  • Chance, Teresa Common Core Specialist 108,000
  • Hanlon, Kathleen Finance Specialist 100,000
  • Ketcham, Joanna Administrative Assistant 61,000
  • McFarland, Catherine Communications Director 74,675
  • McRae, Scott Finance Specialist 82,000
  • Rich, Kenneth Director of Finance Services 135,000
  • Saracini, Michael Instructional Technology Specialist 67,310
  • Smith, Daniel Executive Director 180,000
  • Todd, Lisa Director of Education 135,000
  • Walter, Alexis Staff Attorney 100,000
  • Walters, Lisa Office Manager 69,846
  • Wells, Jennifer Staff Attorney 61,800
  • Wells, Kendal Director of Technology 115,360
  • Williams, Jeana Assoc Dir of Education 93,500

APSRC Salary Grand Total: $1,564,781

This information is included in Southern Arkansas University’s 2018-19 annual report.

In conclusion, here’s the breakdown:

Governor Asa Hutchinson, who hails from Northwest Arkansas, is following marching orders issued by the Waltons. 

Remember, Hutchinson is the one who made it possible for a non-educator – former Senator Johnny Key – to become the Arkansas Department of Education’s commissioner. Sure, this appointment required a little tweak of the law, but hey – Key is a loyal Walton backer.

Meanwhile, Asa’s nephew, Senator Jim Hendren, who is on the Senate Education Committee, also is serving as a member of APSRC’s Policy Board. 

But wait – so is former lawmaker Jim Wilson, who also serves as a member of Arkansas’ Charter Authorizing Panel. 

My point is this – Arkansas Republicans have long been in cahoots with the Waltons. The state Senate and House education lawmakers most hostile to public schools are not only Republican but beholden to the Waltons. 

Your vote matters. And superintendents – your unwillingness to stand up to APSRC and the Walton Family Foundation will be the reason that privatization in education is made possible. 

Again – shame on you.

Inside the shadowy world of the Arkansas school-“choice” movement – Part 7

The Arkansas Public School Resource Center touts itself as a “collaborative local partner” when describing how it excels in supporting rural traditional public schools and open-enrollment charter schools. 

APSRC, funded since 2008 by the Walton Family Foundation, describes the reason for its existence thusly:

The mission of the Arkansas Public School Resource Center is to support the improvement of public education by providing advocacy services on behalf of public schools with a special emphasis on charter schools and rural districts.

This is a blatant lie. 

Yes, APSRC will draft – and lobby for – legislation that will benefit the state’s open-enrollment charter schools. It also will sit idly by while Walton-backed legislation regarding private-school vouchers floats through the Legislature. I’ve watched APSRC do this twice, during the 2017 and 2019 legislative sessions. 

But this “nonprofit” organization does not represent – let alone advocate for- the 85 percent of the state’s rural traditional public schools that are paying $2,500 per year to be members of APSRC. 

Nor does APSRC “represent” Arkansas’ larger school districts that are spending thousands of dollars on “technical-assistance” contracts. 

So why do 85 percent of Arkansas’ traditional public school districts remain – or become – APSRC members? 

First, the job fluidity in public education often means that a new superintendent may unknowingly inherit an APSRC membership. Meanwhile, the bookkeeper who has for years automatically renewed the district’s APSRC membership, may or may not enlighten a new superintendent because she herself inherited the membership obligations from her predecessor. In that case, she’s used to getting that yearly invoice and cutting a check. 

In other cases, rural superintendents feel pressed to join in order to feel that they’ll be kept in the loop where legislation and any ensuing Arkansas Department of Education policies are concerned. They may loathe APSRC Executive Director Scott Smith and everything that the organization stands for, but their fear of being caught unawares is greater than any sense that they should altogether shun an organization that, ultimately, is working against their best interests. 

Meanwhile, the larger districts, such as the North Little Rock School District, are willing to pay thousands of dollars for technical-assistance contracts for services specifically designed for them. Need to cut costs and pare down your central office positions? APSRC’s finance team will help you do that. Unless, of course, you are the Little Rock School District. In which case, Smith will shy away from any interest from LRSD in forming a partnership to address central office staff, finances, teaching and learning or legal issues. Twice in early 2019, team leaders told Smith that LRSD wanted to become an APSRC member. 

Smith recoiled, saying, “I’m not sure that I want to take them on.”

Because, yeah, it would be kind of awkward to take apart a school district and sell off its parts to charter or private schools while claiming to be “helping” said district. Right? But back to what APSRC uses to entice districts…

APSRC loves to offer support and funding for pilot programs and “educational materials”  promoted and offered by APSRC to its member schools. When Smith – an attorney, not an educator – evaluates pilot programs, education-related products/services or curriculum – he isn’t considering whether any of these will actually be beneficial to educators or, more importantly, students. Smith considers only what is listed below:

  • Do the Waltons support or fund those pilot programs, curriculum or other education-related products? 
  • Does Governor Asa Hutchinson want to see these pilot programs, curriculum or other education-related products marketed in Arkansas?  (Learning Blade, anyone? Virtual-reality products via Facebook’s TechStart? The Summit Learning Platform, created by a California charter school and Facebook engineers and implemented in Arkansas public school districts?) 
  • Does APSRC stand to make money off of these pilot programs, curriculum or other education-related products?

(Side note: Smith has the attention span of a crow. Ooh, shiny! Ooh, glittery! Ooh, our next moneymaker! Then, when APSRC staff and public-school educators begin pointing out potential or very real existing flaws, Smith immediately loses interest and moves on to the next shimmery object. Remember – our children, our public-school students – are his guinea pigs in an effort to please the Waltons, the governor and other potential grantors. Businesses and salespeople are making money off of OUR kids.)

Ever wonder why NWEA is promoted by APSRC? (Even though Smith will contend it’s not.) NWEA is funded by the Waltons. A document titled NWEA Research Partnerships states: 

NWEA researchers have partnered with The Walton Family Foundation on several projects to investigate the feasibility schools’ state assessment results across several states to the NWEA scale to permit cross-state comparisons of schools.

There are two other vendors from which Arkansas public-school districts can choose to measure and interpret student data. But APSRC offers only NWEA training. Also, NWEA contributes $30,000 to $35,000 each year to APSRC’s annual, statewide fall conference. If you’ll look on the conference webpage, you’ll note that NWEA is a presenting sponsor. 

At one time, APSRC backed Istation. That was before my time. Not sure what happened there. All I know is that APSRC’s storage rooms are loaded with tote bags and padfolios emblazoned with the Istation logo. But, of course, those are no longer “usable.”

Each spring, the Arkansas Public School Resource Center sends thank-you letters to its members, reminding them of all that APSRC has to offer. 

In late June or early July, the annual membership drive begins in earnest. During my three years at APSRC, I drafted four types of letters that were sent to the leaders of Arkansas public schools. 

  • A renewal letter to be sent to traditional public school districts
  • A renewal letter to be sent to open-enrollment charters
  • An invitation to become an APSRC member to be sent to non-member traditional public school districts
  • An invitation to become an APSRC member to be sent to new open-enrollment charter schools

Let me be clear – during my three years with the organization, APSRC’s finance, teaching and learning staff, and former attorney Jennifer Wells offered valuable trainings, advice and resources to APSRC members. But they did so in silos. None realized the true purpose of APSRC. None realized that the Waltons serve as the masters of their career paths.

Smith hires talented people. He hires strong-minded women. And then he freaks out over the fact that women might have valid opinions and he runs panicking to his yes-men (Tripp Walter, Ken Rich, Kendal Wells, Scott McRae and Trent Saracini) to beg for their support when “dealing with” the women on staff.

So here’s the deal – if you want to disarm APSRC, you need to follow these recommendations: 

  • Urge your rural superintendents to question the entity to whom they are pledging their loyalty.
  •  Remind your superintendents that while, yeah, the Little Rock School District and the Pine Bluff School District are the primary targets of the Waltons, other school districts across the state need to understand that they, too, will at some point be susceptible to open-enrollment charter invasions. They are not immune, even if they are APSRC members.
  • The Waltons’ goal is to privatize ALL public education. So if you’re looking at LRSD and thinking, Oh, well, LRSD schools are the targets, not my district’s schools, well – you are deluded and need to reconsider your position and your membership with APSRC.

    APSRC has one and only one goal – to do away with public education. Sure, it’ll help you open a conversion charter. It will reassure you when an open-enrollment charter wants to open a school in your district in one of your old, no-longer-used buildings. But it also will steal your buildings and your students at the first available opportunity. 

Inside the shadowy world of the Arkansas school-“choice” movement – Part 6

On July 12, 2012, the Walton Family Foundation issued a $1.2 million check to the Southern Arkansas University Foundation to cover the salaries and operating costs for the Arkansas Public School Resource Center, a Walton-funded nonprofit founded in December 2008. 

An earlier letter, dated June 25, 2012, from the WFF’s then-executive director Buddy Philpot stipulated that the funds should, if possible, be deposited into an interest-bearing account. 

Per the letter, signed by then-SAU President Dr. David Rankin, the $1.2 million was to be used to “support an effort to support startup and operational costs for the Arkansas Public School Resource Center from January 2009 through June 30, 2012. Grantee agrees to use all grant funds exclusively for the grant’s purposes. Any changes in these purposes must be authorized in advance by the Foundation in writing.”

Previously, from December 2008 until sometime in 2012, the University of Central Arkansas Foundation had served as the vehicle for disseminating Walton funds to APSRC. In December of 2008, the UCA Foundation received a $4.6 million grant from the Waltons that was to be administered in “support” of APSRC. Then-interim UCA President Tom Courtway signed off on the deal.

The Walton Family Foundation already had initially awarded a $426,141 grant to UCA in May 2008 to “plan, develop and implement the APSRC.”

A UCA news release issued in December 2008 states: 

The purpose of the APSRC is to provide comprehensive services to advance and support school choice initiatives and the implementation of high quality [sic] open enrollment  [sic] public charter schools in Arkansas, as well as providing a variety of support services critical to the fiscal and academic success of rural public schools in Arkansas.

The APSRC’s work includes supporting school choice initiatives, implementing and expanding high quality open enrollment [sic] charter schools in Arkansas, protecting and continuing support of Arkansas public school accountability measures, and providing assistance to rural public school districts and schools committed to meeting accountability provisions of Act 35 and Act 1467, the Omnibus Education Act.

As I said in a previous post, I’m not sure what poisoned the relationship between UCA and APSRC, but by the spring of 2012, APSRC Executive Director Scott Smith was well on the way to drafting a memorandum of understanding with the Southern University of Arkansas Foundation.

The MOU was signed by Smith on July 20, 2012. Rankin and then-SAU Foundation Executive Director Jeanie Bismark signed off on July 24, 2012. 

The MOU opens with a reminder of Southern Arkansas University’s role as a state university:

SAU was established for the purposes of providing education opportunities at the university level on a regional and state wide [sic] basis and more adequately fulfilling its changing role as a multi-purpose, [sic] comprehensive [sic] institution of higher learning. See Ark. Code Ann. $6-65 401 et seq. Furthermore the Arkansas Department of Higher Education (“ADHE”) and the Arkansas Higher Education Coordinating Board (“AHECB”) set forth the role and scope for SAU to include serving “regional and state employees, both public and private – including school districts seeking technical assistance” and supporting public schools through various outreach programs such as APSRC. 

The MOU then continues with an explanation that presumably seeks to justify SAU’s need to partner with the WFF and APSRC: 

To further these purposes, it is important that students entering universities receive a high quality [sic] education at the K-12 levels through well supported [sic] and adequate open-enrollment charter schools and public schools. 

All righty, then. One would hope that it is every state university’s desire that students arrive on campus with a “high-quality” education. I winced, however, when reading that this “high-quality” education would be provided by merely “adequate” open-enrollment charter schools and traditional school districts. 

Enter the SAU Foundation on its white horse … 

The SAU Foundation, a private non-profit corporation existing solely to benefit SAU, has received a grant to support the operational costs for APSRC in affiliation with SAU. 

Now let’s take a look at APSRC’s role, per the MOU: 

Consistent with the role of SAU set forth in Section 1.01 above, APSRC was formed as an Arkansas non-profit corporation and as a public charity in accordance with the provisions of Section 501 (c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code to do the following on behalf of the public schools in the state of Arkansas: 

(a) to provide comprehensive services and assistance to open enrollment [sic] public charter schools and also to rural school districts in the state of Arkansas (collectively the “public schools”);

 (b) to provide all forms of technical assistance to the public schools in areas such as school law, school finance, school technology, teaching, learning, accountability and testing, tracking and measuring student achievement, financial management and best practices, and other issues of importance to the public schools;

 (c) to provide forums, seminars, and other professional and educational and career opportunities for educators, administrators and parents with children attending the public schools, to provide professional development programs for the public schools; and

 (d) to engage in such other educational programs and activities as the board of directors of APSRC may from time to time determine is consistent with the overall mission of APSRC in supporting the public schools. 

You’ll notice that there’s no mention of Smith and APSRC staff attorneys’ numerous meetings with lawmakers before and during legislative sessions. Nor is there any reference to year-round meetings with Governor Asa Hutchinson and Arkansas Department of Education Commissioner Johnny Key. 

I mean, do legislators, the governor and ADE’s commissioner also require professional development courses, educational programs and activities, or help with technology, teaching and law? OK, so Key might, given his lack of any sort of background in education. But c’mon. None of these players are located on K-12 campuses. 

Also, I don’t see anything laid out in the MOU that mentions APSRC’s influential role in drafting education-related bills alongside – and for – legislators. 

While APSRC purports to be a nonprofit organization that offers professional development, resources and technical assistance to traditional public school districts and open-enrollment charters, is actually yet another lobbying arm for the WFF and serves to recruit out-of-state charter-management organizations and to prop up existing failing charter schools in Arkansas. 

But hey, given that SAU’s relationship with APSRC is in its 8th year, the university and its foundation must be OK with managing the salaries, benefits and operational costs for what is, at its core, an organization that is – by its own acknowledgement via its Schedule C filings – involved in lobbying. 

Exhibit A. 

Exhibit B.

As a reminder – 

The IRS generally frowns upon lobbying conducted by organizations with a section 501(c)(3) status. 

Per the IRS: 

In general, no organization may qualify for section 501(c)(3) status if a substantial part of its activities is attempting to influence legislation (commonly known as lobbying).  A 501(c)(3) organization may engage in some lobbying, but too much lobbying activity risks loss of tax-exempt status.

Legislation includes action by Congress, any state legislature, any local council, or similar governing body, with respect to acts, bills, resolutions, or similar items (such as legislative confirmation of appointive office), or by the public in referendum, ballot initiative, constitutional amendment, or similar procedure.  It does not include actions by executive, judicial, or administrative bodies. 

An organization will be regarded as attempting to influence legislation if it contacts, or urges the public to contact, members or employees of a legislative body for the purpose of proposing, supporting, or opposing legislation, or if the organization advocates the adoption or rejection of legislation.

Organizations may, however, involve themselves in issues of public policy without the activity being considered as lobbying.  For example, organizations may conduct educational meetings, prepare and distribute educational materials, or otherwise consider public policy issues in an educational manner without jeopardizing their tax-exempt status.


Among my many roles as the communications director at APSRC, I was charged not only with reporting on the 91st and 92nd General Assembly and the 2018 fiscal session, but also tracking bills. 

Because of this, I sat in meetings that included Smith and APSRC attorneys. During these meetings, I witnessed the following on multiple occasions: 

  • Smith explaining which bills that APSRC would be drafting or supporting during the 2017 and 2019 legislative sessions 
  • Smith explaining which bills APSRC would not take a stand on. Such bills usually were those involving private-school vouchers, which are supported by the Waltons
  • Smith declaring which bills needed to be modified or killed 
  • Smith saying that he would meet with lawmakers to discuss bills that APSRC either supported or did not support
  • Smith instructing legal staff to tweak bills that he could then take back to legislative sponsors for proposed changes
  • Smith discussing the role that LobbyUp would play in APSRC’s bill-tracking (LobbyUp provided a portal that allowed APSRC member schools to follow the bills that APSRC was tracking. Smith and LobbyUp’s Bradley Phillips on two occasions – in my presence – discussed how to lobby without using the term “lobby.” I now understand why neither seemed eager to sign an MOU for LobbyUp’s services. At one point, Phillips informed me that he and Smith had a “gentleman’s agreement” and that he didn’t need to sign an MOU.) 

And then, during the 92nd General Assembly, I listened in disbelief when Smith denied that APSRC lobbies the state legislature when a bill pertaining to education membership organizations and lobbying ran in the Senate Education Committee. The bill, sponsored by Senator Breanne Davis, stated: 

Except as provided in subdivision (a)(1) of this section, a public school district shall not use public funds to pay membership dues to a teacher’s, classified employee’s, or public school district board of directors member’s educational professional organization that uses public funds to directly or indirectly engage in lobbying.

I asked Smith whether the bill – if passed – would impact members of APSRC. He said no. I was perplexed. It was my understanding that school districts and open-enrollment charters used state funding to pay for their APSRC memberships. Memberships for traditional districts cost $2,500. Memberships for open-enrollment charters were $3,500. I couldn’t imagine a superintendent or charter director pulling money from their own pockets to cover their APSRC dues. 

Other membership organizations, such as the Arkansas Association of Educational Administrators, testified against the bill. Smith didn’t.

That’s likely because Smith and others at APSRC routinely engaged in behind-the-scenes lobbying, even if they weren’t urging their members to contact lawmakers to support or criticize proposed legislation.  So how did the bill not “apply” to APSRC? 

Regardless, the proposed legislation didn’t make it through the House Education Committee before the legislature adjourned. 

Now let’s look at the SAU Foundation’s nonprofit status. Per its 990 in 2009, the foundation’s purpose is to “provide financial aid and scholarships.” 

Its mission remains the same in its 2018 report

I’m curious as to how APSRC’s activities might affect not only its own tax-exempt status, but also that of the SAU Foundation. (Please, experts, chime in here. Thank you.) 

Oh, but wait – APSRC made sure to give itself a little wiggle room in the MOU by including a section titled “Other Activities of APSRC” – 

The parties recognize that APSRC is a private non-profit organization, and as a result, will not utilize any resources of SAU except for the purposes set forth herein which are consistent with the public purposes of SAU. APSRC may, however, perform with its own funds and without utilizing any resources of SAU, including the use of SAU staff while such staff are performing their functions as SAU employees, other functions consistent with APSRC’s Articles of Incorporation and 501(c)(3) status.

As such, the actions of APSRC shall not be considered the actions, opinions or positions of SAU and shall be the private action solely of APSRC. SAU recognizes that as a private corporation records and data of these activities may be kept separate and confidential consistent with any applicable law. 

This might explain – along with the lack of any confirmation that the WFF would or not approve the most recent grant application – why Smith went on a tear during 2017 and 2018 regarding how each APSRC team leader could raise enough revenue to cover 75 percent of his or her salary. 

The fact is, however, that APSRC needs SAU way more than SAU needs APSRC. 

Why? To attract quality staff. No one who has put years into state retirement or the Arkansas Teachers Retirement System is going to chuck all of that aside for a job at a nonprofit organization with dubious ties. 

(Helpful hint: If you work for such an organization and feel compelled to offer a “but” when explaining why you work there, you’re pretty much conveying to the listener that you are ashamed of what you do. I know because I found myself using that “but” clause all too many times during my years at APSRC.) 

But back to why APSRC and the Waltons rely on state university foundations to help achieve their mission of charterizing and privatizing public education …

Before being asked to lead APSRC, Smith – an attorney with a background in business administration – had put in years with the Arkansas Department of Education. So had the woman he hired to be his business manager, Lisa Walters. Factor in as well attorney Tripp Walter, who joined APSRC in 2010. Prior to that, Walter also served as an attorney at ADE.

Also, while Smith had a stable of attorneys and office support, he desperately needed respected public-school leaders to make APSRC more … palatable … to potential members. But he couldn’t lure educators to his organization if they stood to lose their retirement. 

Over the years, little tweaks here and there to state legislation have made it possible for certain state agency employees and university staff to become members of the Arkansas Teacher Retirement System (ATRS).  Full-time employees of the entities listed below are, conveniently, able to become members of the Arkansas Teacher Retirement System. So here’s a list of participating reciprocal state retirement systems: 

  • Arkansas Public Employees Retirement System
  • Arkansas Teachers Retirement System
  • Arkansas State Highway Retirement System
  • Arkansas State Police Retirement System
  • Arkansas Judicial Retirement System
  • Alternate Retirement Plan for the following:
      • Arkansas Department of Higher Education
      • Arkansas Department of Workforce Education
      • College
      • University
      • Vocational-Technical Schools

Hence, my friends, the Waltons’ need to persuade state university foundations to take on APSRC.

Per the MOU, here’s a list of Southern Arkansas University’s obligations to APSRC: 

Providing access to adequate full-time or part-time SAU staff to APSRC to perform those functions as described in Section 3 below, such staff’s salaries and benefits to be reimbursed to SAU by the SAU Foundation through grants received by the SAU Foundation for such purpose. 

Working in concert with APSRC to host conferences, events, seminars and trainings to better prepare faculty, staff and board members of traditional and charter K-12 public schools in Arkansas. 

Helping APSRC provide specific technical training in the areas of school law, school finance, school technology, teaching and learning, and other areas set forth in Section 1.04 of this MOU. 

Providing APSRC’s full-time, non-contracted staffs with equivalent benefits and privileges as are provided to SAU’s full-time employees. 

Reports will be provided as needed for year-end accounting and other reporting needs. 

Now let’s take a look at APSRC’s obligations: 

In exchange for the consideration provided herein by SAU, APSRC will provide SAU with access to the following resources and benefits and provide the following services in furtherance of the purposes of SAU, such as but not limited to: 

Obtaining grant funds for the benefit of SAU to support the expense of APSRC staff including the payment of the salaries and benefits of employees of SAU supporting APSRC. 

Obtaining grant funds to support the rental of facilities and other resources from SAU and others. 

Obtaining grant funds to support the administrative cost of administering a grant program. The amount of support will be 4.5% of salaries paid. 

Providing from time to time APSRC staff for adjunct teaching assignments and seminars at SAU. 3.05 Providing internship program offerings at APSRC for the College of Education students of SAU. 

Providing assistance to SAU for the purpose of educating the public on public school issues, enhancing the teacher education program, and the overall advancement of teaching and learning in public schools. 

Providing technical and other assistance to public schools consistent with the purposes of 

Reporting to SAU on request, but at least annually, those activities of SAU which involve SAU resources provided in accordance with Article 2 above. 

Should either party want to sever ties, the MOU details the process: 

This MOU is effective as of June 30, 2012 for fringe benefits and July 1, 2012 for other purposes and will continue in effect until either party terminates it for any reason by giving the other party at least ninety (90) days prior written notice of termination. 

This MOU may be immediately terminated by either party in the event that grant funding of the SAU staff working with APSRC is no longer available. 

SAU may immediately terminate this MOU in the event it determines that any SAU resources provided hereunder are not being utilized by APSRC 


Inside the shadowy world of the Arkansas school-“choice” movement – Part 5

When people ask what newsrooms are like, I usually explain the environment and dynamics thusly: 

Imagine that every day represents a holiday dinner and that every single person in your lovably quirky yet highly dysfunctional family is present. 

There’s camaraderie, yes. Lots of shared recollections and laughter. There are debates during “budget meetings” – the twice-a-day gatherings during which editors decide what stories will run and in what sections. Those contentious meetings often reminded me of the moment that politics creeps into the Thanksgiving-dinner conversation. 

At deadline, you’ll hear editors and reporters arguing over cuts, quotes and edits, and the copy desk staff shouting that they need that story right now, dammit. 

Regardless, the paper gets put to bed and everyone comes back the next day for another lively turkey dinner. 

I always thought that the corporate world would be more … well, refined. 

My three years at the Walton-funded Arkansas Public School Resource Center proved otherwise. 

In the rough-and-tumble world of newspapering, women learn early what it takes to get ahead – and stay ahead – of their male colleagues. You outthink them, outdrink them and outrun them. And, eventually, you not only earn, but demand, their respect. 

That is why the culture at APSRC caught me off-guard. I always thought that the corporate world – and make no mistake: APSRC, while a nonprofit, is very much a corporate and political organization – would be different. 

By the end of my first year, I realized, however, that APSRC Executive Director Scott Smith has a major problem with women. As in, if Webster’s ever asked me to write the definition of “misogynist,” I would need only two words: “Scott Smith.”

In this post, I am sharing only my experiences with Smith because these are my stories to tell. I say that because I am not the only woman who has had issues with him. The fact that Smith has a problem with women is well known even by those who don’t work for APSRC.

The Waltons, of course, don’t care. Smith is just the sort of ruthless person they need to accomplish their goal of destroying public education. 

So my story –

Three times in team meetings, Smith put his hand on my knee while making some sort of point. I didn’t interpret it as a sexual gesture. Rather, his behavior struck me as proprietary. 

You belong to me. You belong to this organization. You belong to the Waltons. You are company property. 

Bear in mind, this is a man who would call meetings, only to cancel at the last minute if something came up, and yet throw a tantrum if when, on a whim, he wanted to talk to a female employee who had left the office for lunch.

He complained incessantly when female employees called in sick or had to accommodate the needs of their children – illness, doctor’s appointments, etc…

He once mocked one of his female employees for missing several days of work after suffering a severe concussion.

“I don’t know what’s going on with her this time,” he announced to a group of us. “Something about getting hit on the head with a vase. It’s always something.”

You see, there are different rules at APSRC for men and women.

For example, men are allowed to close the doors to their offices. Women? No. I can’t tell you how many times Smith would find a reason to knock on my door, ask a question and then very pointedly leave the door open. 

And then there was the tracking of employees’ leave and sick time. Women – most of whom are mothers or caring for elderly family members – are closely monitored, questioned and criticized – so much so that I told my husband that Smith’s obsession with knowing his female employees’ every move came across as creepy and stalkerish. And God help you if you didn’t reply to an email or respond to a phone call while out sick, on vacation or in bed. 

Again, Smith’s paranoia didn’t seem to stem from sexual origins. It was like he thought his female employees were out sneaking around to huddle in illicit meetings with politicians, educators and foes of APSRC. That kind of paranoia suggests to me that Smith, the Waltons and their backers have many things to hide. Or maybe he just believes that women are lazy or incompetent. I honestly don’t know. It was just … weird. 

On one occasion, I mixed up the dates for an Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA)  meeting I had intended to cover. As I sheepishly made my way back from the Capitol to APSRC, I heard someone calling my name. 

It was Smith. 

“What are you doing here?” he asked in an urgent manner. 

“Oh, hey,” I said. “What’s up?”

“Why are you here?” he pressed. “Who were you meeting with?”

“Um. No one. I thought there was an ESSA meeting today. But it turns out it’s next week.”

This explanation seemed to (temporarily) satisfy him. 

In the end, two incidents served as the catalyst for my sudden decision to quit. 

In May 2019, I underwent a partial knee replacement. Smith was not happy about the two weeks I took off for the surgery and recovery. The fact that I then had to go twice a week for an hour of physical therapy pissed him off even more. 

Apparently, osteoarthritis is the equivalent of female “hysteria” or “weakness.” 

At the first staff meeting after my return, Smith pointedly asked if anyone else would need to take significant time off over the summer. (I resisted a maniacal, just-for-kicks  urge to announce an unexpected pregnancy. He probably would have found or manufactured a reason to fire me on the spot.) 

A few weeks into my physical therapy, Walters informed me that she didn’t have my SAU HR  password. That’s because months earlier, when I forgot my password, I had changed it. I had no idea that Walters, by her own admission, knew the log-ins and passwords for every APSRC employee. 

“I just want to make sure you have enough leave time to cover these appointments,” she said. 

“I planned ahead, I assured her. “I’m good.” 

Bear in mind, I had given her the dates of my physical therapy appointments. It’s not like she was checking with HR to see when I would be out.

Still, she sent multiple email requests for my new password. 

Remember, per the MOU between APSRC and the Southern Arkansas University Foundation, SAU’s HR staff is charged with keeping up with leave and sick time. However, one of Walters’ primary duties is to keep Smith informed of employees’ whereabouts, whether she’s monitoring arrival and departure times from the office or leave and sick time. 

Toward the end – or maybe right after, I don’t recall – the 2019 legislative session – I was exhausted and in chronic pain. In short, I was struggling. By then, I was counting down the days to my surgery and using a cane around the house. (I was too vain to take it to work.) 

One morning, after I had called in to say I would be using sick time to come in late, Smith came into my office to inquire after my well-being. I told him I was managing. 

And then he walked around my desk and stood behind me. He put his hand on my shoulder, squeezed it, and said, “I was beginning to think I would have to fire you.”

That male hand on my shoulder clinched my decision that it was time to get out of there. 

Because here’s the thing – there is no way to get help from HR if you are a woman working for Smith at APSRC. 

I thought long and hard about my predicament. SAU’s HR staff work for the university, which is located in Magnolia, a good 115 miles away. Was I supposed to drive down there to file a grievance with people I’d never talked to, much less met? Should I just call? Email? 

And from what I’d heard, the HR department wasn’t terribly thrilled with the fact that its staff had had to add APSRC to its workload back in 2012.

I imagined a scenario in which I swept in to file a complaint, only to find the Waltons’ enforcer, Kathy Smith, on hand to inform SAU staff as to how they should respond. You think I kid. Kathy sees all, knows all, and has an ability to materialize at any moment that the Waltons and their yes men might be the recipients of criticism.

Granted, I suffer from PTSD due to a childhood trauma that involved physical and sexual abuse by a man 9 years my senior. So I second-guessed myself. Was I too “sensitive,” maybe? 

But no – the hand on my knee, the hand on my shoulder – my instinct screamed that this was just wrong and not normal in the workplace. 

So I fumed, kept silent and told my husband repeatedly that I wasn’t sure whether I could remain at APSRC until I found a new job. 

When FOIA’ing SAU after I quit – without a job – I asked about its stance toward workplace violence. 

“There is no document that exempts any part of SAU from workplace violence,” was the response I received from Roger Giles, Vice President for Administration and General Counsel. He referred me to the university handbook.

It states: 

Workplace Violence 

The University is committed to providing a safe, healthful workplace that is free from violence or threats of violence. Reports of threatening or violent incidents are taken seriously and dealt with appropriately. Individuals who engage in violent or threatening behavior may be removed from the premises, and may be subject to dismissal or other disciplinary action, arrest, and/or criminal prosecution.

The University does not tolerate behavior that: 1. is violent, 2. threatens violence, 3. harasses or intimidates others, 4. interferes with an individual’s legal rights of movement or expression, and 5. disrupts the workplace, the academic environment, or the University’s ability to provide services to the public. Violent or threatening behavior can include physical acts, oral or written statement, or gestures and expressions. Any violent or threatening behavior must be reported immediately to the University Police Department

I’ve since imagined myself showing up at the SAU PD to report that my boss, one of the Waltons’ lead henchmen, comes across as controlling and, sometimes, threatening.

No way would that have ended well for me.

But SAU’s entanglement with APSRC suffers from many other problems than those between Smith and the women he employs or encounters in his role as executive director/lobbyist.

Tomorrow, I’ll delve into the reciprocal agreement between the two entities. Neither APSRC nor SAU is actually abiding by that MOU signed in 2012. 

Like everything else involving APSRC, this agreement is just a cover for what the organization is really up to.

Inside the shadowy world of the Arkansas school-“choice” movement – Part 4 – Cutting off the head of the snake

UPDATE: My report on APSRC’s relationship with the SAU Foundation will be posted tomorrow. I’m still piecing all of my documents together.

The Arkansas State Board of Education, during what appeared to be a meticulously staged meeting, voted Thursday to return the Little Rock School District to local control. 

This about-face occurred because state leaders and board members feared further public shaming and opted instead for an awkward retreat.

Stakeholders celebrated the vote, only to get a clapback from the state board when it next voted to oust the Little Rock Education Association. (As we all know, Governor Asa Hutchinson and his GOP underlings loathe unions.) 

Remember, the Waltons have invested millions in organizations that lobby specifically for the Arkansas school -“choice” movement. Despite today’s vote to reinstate local control, the Walton Family Foundation will persist in its efforts to dismantle LRSD and other districts that might appeal to charter-school leaders and the private-school crowd.

Again, they don’t just want your students and the funding that follows them. They want your facilities. (More on that below.) 

Right now, given public sentiment, the Waltons will let things quiet down. But you can bet that the various nonprofits that they fund already are stepping up their behind-the-scenes efforts to get their projects back on track. 

It is imperative that the various grassroots organizations involved in fending off the Waltons’ school grabs remain intersectional and vigorous in their efforts to protect their districts, teachers, students, and, again, their buildings. You have won a battle. Not the war.

Here’s a handy little instructional guide for cutting the head off the snake. Below are the bullet points.

  • Publicly shame the Southern Arkansas University Foundation for its willingness to accept and funnel Walton money into the Arkansas Public School Resource Center. Click here to read my first post that mentioned SAU.)  I’m told that the reason that the University of Central Arkansas – which had a similar arrangement from 2008-2012 – pulled out of its MOU with the Walton Family Foundation when APSRC got involved in activities that made the university uncomfortable. This also would put pressure on other state universities that might be approached by APSRC if SAU ended this odd and dysfunctional relationship. (More on this tomorrow.) 
  • Organize a protest in Hot Springs on the day of APSRC’s annual fall conference. This year, the event will be held on October 23, 2019, at the Hot Springs Convention Center. Governor Asa Hutchinson and ADE Commissioner Johnny Key are scheduled to be there. In years past, they’ve spoken during the opening session. They and other attendees will enter the Plaza Lobby and then proceed to Horner Hall. In the afternoon, there’s always a legislative panel. It’s usually composed of GOP men and a token woman. (Senator Jane English) I suggested that we invited Senator Joyce Elliott each year that I organized the conference. My request was denied every time. Smith wouldn’t even entertain the prospect of inviting Senator Linda Chesterfield. He’s scared of Elliott. He’s terrified of Chesterfield.) In my opinion, anyway. I’ll post more on the specifics of the conference Saturday evening. 
  • Protect your buildings. During the 91st General Assembly, a bill that eventually became Act 542 stipulates that open-enrollment charter schools may buy or lease buildings belonging to traditional public schools if such buildings are deemed to be unused or underutilized. Click here to read the rule promulgated by the Arkansas Department of Education. Click here to see what the Arkansas Commission for Public School Facilities and Transportation has since posted on its website. And… guess who is in bed with APSRC? I’ll offer more info and some tips on Sunday evening. 
  • Approach the many traditional public school districts that agree to be APSRC members each year out of fear. Offer support. APSRC needs those districts more than they need APSRC. I can say this after having gone through three years of membership recruiting. Remind districts that even if they live and operate in rural areas, they are not immune to the Walton endeavor to do away with public education altogether. More on this Monday evening.

Tomorrow: I will explain SAU’s relationship with APSRC. (I’ll also link to pertinent documents.) 




Inside the shadowy world of the Arkansas school-“choice” movement – Part 3

In late 2016, the Arkansas Public School Resource Center’s department heads – aka “team leaders” – were asked to write goals for a grant application for another three-year round of Walton funding. 

This proved to be a rather confusing and frustrating process due to the fact that we were required to work in silos. Given that some departments would eventually have to rely on others in order to meet their goals, it seemed odd to discourage collaboration. 

Before the grant application was submitted on July 1, 2017, each team leader received the portion of the application that would be relevant to his/her own departments if the grant was approved. We never were permitted to see each other’s goals, measurements, outcomes, etc… (Unless, of course, we talked among ourselves.) 

So BAM! – the application is finally completed and submitted … and …

… crickets. 

Afterward, team leaders would periodically ask one another if the application had been approved. No one knew. 

Despite this, we were instructed to begin doing whatever was needed to meet our goals. In my case, this meant hiring a local firm to build a new website that would cost an estimated $50,000. I realize that’s peanuts to the Waltons and their minions, but I really didn’t feel comfortable proceeding without any idea as to whether the grant request had been approved. 

If I had any hope of getting the website done by the date required to meet my grant goal – December 31, 2017 – I would need to hire someone by August 2017. 

APSRC Executive Director Scott Smith – an attorney with a degree in business administration –  told me to move forward. 

But  when I gave him the contract documents to sign, he looked at them and asked, “What are these?”

I then explained to the expert in law and business what the documents were.

“I’m not signing these,” Smith declared, flinging the papers aside. 

I now realize that the grant hadn’t yet been approved, which meant Smith didn’t want his name on anything involving a $50,000 price tag. 

Still, he subsequently met with the website firm’s employees – on more than one occasion – and told APSRC’s other team leaders to begin doing their part to ensure that the new website would launch on schedule. 

Just as the project neared completion in late 2017, Smith asked me for copies of the contract. I pointed out that he had refused to sign it. 

This sent him into a tizzy, even though he acknowledged that he had shoved the documents aside. Smith then called in one of APSRC’s attorneys and asked him to draft a contract, which was then sent to the firm. 

Next up was an angry phone call to the firm during which Smith lectured the owner for not signing the contract ASAP. At this time, the owner was sitting at the bedside of his dying father.

“I know you’ve got a lot going on with your dad,” Smith said. “But I’m dealing with similar issues in my family and I still manage to get things done.” 

I happened to be sitting in on this call. By the time it ended, I was absolutely mortified. 

In early January 2018, the website launched – a week behind schedule, yes – but it exceeded my expectations. 

To this day, I don’t know whether the Waltons ever signed off on the grant application or not.

I asked several times in 2017, 2018 and 2019 to see the entire grant application so that I would know what I needed to do to assist other departments in meeting their goals. I never received one. Nor did I ever hear an explanation as to why not.

Why all the secrecy?  Because if you read the application in full, you’ll notice that that APSRC’s focus isn’t on all public schools. 

While the number of traditional public school districts – with or without conversion charters on their campuses – far exceeds the number of charter schools in Arkansas,  a reading of the grant application will make it clear who gets priority standing. 

Yes, 100 percent of Arkansas’ open-enrollment charters are members of APSRC. But they are far fewer in number than the state’s many rural school districts, and, really, if they want Walton support, they have no choice but to become members. Also, bear in mind that more than 85 percent of APSRC’s members are traditional public school districts that may or may not have conversion charters on their campuses. 

I finally managed to snag a copy of the entire grant application and feel compelled to share this little gem from “Request/Purpose” section: 

APSRC has long been a strong advocate for the improvement of educational policy and advocacy for issues at the core of our work which matches the Walton Family Foundation’s principles of accountability, transparency, choice, and sustainability. 

Before moving on to the next topic, I’m just going to note that a lack of transparency and accountability will one day be APSRC’s downfall. 

As a journalist, I know that people who are secretive, deceptive and paranoid are more than likely hiding something. 

And to describe Smith as secretive, deceptive and paranoid would be a dramatic understatement. 

Before the 2017 General Assembly convened, he wanted to know if any of us knew lawmakers or were friends of them. He also instructed us not to talk with them. 

Telling a former newspaper reporter and Arkansas Department of Correction legislative liaison that she is not “allowed” to talk to lawmakers was exactly the wrong thing to do. Because by the 2019 legislative session, I understood that if public school districts were going to get any sort of explanation as to what was going on, they would have to hear from the people who listen – and talk to – legislators. 

Granted, I wasn’t “allowed’ to interview lawmakers. But I sure made use of what they said during the 2019 session. 

Smith didn’t like this. By the end of the session, he had ordered me to start sending him drafts of stories before I sent them out. He started telling me to cut certain quotes from certain lawmakers and, on one occasion, told me to take my byline off of a story that he considered to be “controversial.”

“Why?” I protested.

“I’m just trying to protect you. ”

Er – from who?

At one point during the 2019 session, Senator Joyce Elliott, a member of the Education Committee who has actually worked in public schools, called a news conference. I covered it and sent a story out to our members. 

The next day, Smith asked why I had quoted Elliott.

“Well, she’s the person who called the news conference,” I said. “It would be kind of weird to not quote her.”

“Well, nobody likes her,” Smith shot back. 

Said no newspaper editor ever.

This is getting long and time is getting short – my family is still waiting on dinner – but this is what I want those of you residing in – or supporting – the Little Rock School District to know. 

Yes, APSRC has some talented folks on staff. And they do a great job of trying to provide professional development. That said, the organization’s primary role is to lobby on behalf of school “choice.” It is not a friend to public schools. It is using them to help shroud its true mission.

During my three years at APSRC, Smith always seemed to be “meeting someone at the Capitol” or “having a meeting with the governor” or “meeting with (ADE Commissioner) Johnny Key” or asking APSRC’s legal staff to draft bills that certain GOP lawmakers were willing to run. 

During the 2019 session, a lawmaker introduced a bill that would prohibit school districts from using their funding to pay for dues to membership organizations that engage in lobbying the Legislature. (Read: Membership organizations that are actually representing their members and giving them a voice.)

All sorts of membership organizations testified against the bill. I asked Smith if the proposed legislation would have an effect on APSRC.

He brushed me off. “This has nothing to do with us,” he said.

As various supporters of public education testified against the bill, Smith either left the committee room or hugged the back wall. I was both fascinated and appalled.

Supporters of a return to local control within LRSD – please hear me: 

APSRC wants your facilities. Each year, the organization’s charter director is required to court and bring in potential CMOs. These charter operators always tour the same two cities – Little Rock and Pine Bluff. Sometimes they meander down to the Delta, but they are most interested in Little Rock and Pine Bluff. Again, read the grant application. It’s a road map to Walmartized education. 

Meanwhile, APSRC is charged with propping up any failing charters. Why? Because school facilities are a prize to win and keep. Just look at how things unfolded in the Covenant Keepers/Friendship drama. (More on that in another post.) 

I’ll end by saying this: APSRC wants your buildings. It wants your students and the funding that goes with them. It does not care if its actions result in re-segregation. It will do everything it can to help the State Board do away with legit unions.

Think of it this way – open-enrollment charters are merely placeholders in the Waltons’ endeavor to dismantle public education.

  • Get the building.
  • Get the students.
  • Get the funding that follows the students.
  • Prop up the failing charters. Continue the pursuit of private-school vouchers. 
  • Rinse. Repeat. 

I will post again tomorrow evening and will share whatever is pertinent to the State Board’s decision and its repercussions.